The National Energy Bureau, which falls under the might NDRC, released its list of top ten developments in China’s energy industry for 2009. Here’s the list which I translated, some of which I’ve blogged before (and hyperlinked), and some of which I will discuss in future posts:
1. China sets 2020 targets to raise non-fossil fuel’s share of primary energy consumption to 15 percent, and to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40 to 45 percent compared to 2005 levels.
2. The China – Central Asia gas pipeline went into operation, bringing Central Asian natural gas into China.
3. After 15 years of negotiations, China and Russia finally sign an agreement to build a crude oil pipeline and other energy cooperation agreements.
4. By the first half of 2009, China closed down more than 54 gigawatts of small, inefficient coal-fired thermal power plants.
5. Construction commenced on China’s firs 10 GW wind power mega base in Jiuquan in Gansu province.
6. Construction started on third-generation nuclear power projects in Sanmen (Zhejiang), Haiyang (Shandong) and Taishan (Guangdong).
7. Shanxi, one of the largest coal-producing provinces, achieved large-scale reductions in small coal mines and coal enterprises. By the end of 2010, the province’s coal enterprises will be reduced from more than 2000 to 100, the number of mines from 2600 to 1000, and all mines with an annual output of 300,000 tons or less will be closed.
8. Reform on taxes on refined oil products took effect. Petrol and diesel consumption tax were raised while highway road maintenance, management fees were abolished.
9. In April, China’s total installed power capacity hit 800 GW upon the putting into operation of hydropower generating units in Qinghai.
10. China’s legislature mande amendments to the Renewable Energy Law that will take effect next year.
Surprising omissions from my standpoint include the announcement of major subsidies (solar roofs and Golden Sun) to promote a domestic solar market, the broad range of new cooperation between the U.S. and China on clean energy and the big coal mine disaster that claimed 108 lives in Heilongjiang. We’ll have another Top 10 list soon, this time on the top GLF blog posts of 2009. Stay tuned!